Program of the stages of Islamic civilization

Stages of Islamic civilization

This week’s book reading program was held on Friday, the 20 November, with the participation of the (Rahyan Noor) members.

The program began with the recitation of the Quran by Dad Shah Akbari at 9:30 am and continued until 12:30 pm. Topics covered by the participants were: (Stages of Islamic Civilization) by Dr. Abasin Mohebbi, (Sociology of Anthony Giddens) by Mohammad Tahab Navabi, (Phenomena of Abdul Karim Soroush) by Dr. Ahmad Farid Khairandish ( Wives of the Prophet of Islam) by Mohammad Islam Azizi, (Biography of Ishaq Newton) by Hekmat Qasemi, (Biography of Ahmad Shah Durrani) by Mohammad Aref Mujaddidi, (Biography and works of Abu Bakr Siddiq) by Dr. Elias, Big Bang and Explanation It is with the Islamic approach by Dad Shah Akbari that the mentioned people shared their information and resources with other participants, respectively. Therefore, in order to gain the knowledge and information of friends about the stages of Islamic civilization that Dr. Abasin Mohebbi has dealt with, a few points can be thought about in this topic, which will be mentioned in the order.

Program of the stages of Islamic civilization
Program of the stages of Islamic civilization

If we plot the development of Islamic culture and civilization in a curve, we may reach similar points in a few centuries and millennia.

The first stage: The beginning of the history and emergence of Islam began with the invitation of the Prophet of Islam in Mecca, which is also considered the beginning of the movement in the history of Islamic culture and civilization.

The second stage: the formation of the government in Medina

Third stage: The spread of Islam, which consists of two parts:

A: The spread of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula

B: The spread of Islam in the civilized world of Iran, Rome, Syria and Egypt

Stage 4: Adjacent to the nascent Islamic culture and civilization with the ancient civilization of the Western world and the effort to recognize and transfer Western civilizations to the field of Islamic civilization, which began in the second century AH and continued until the fourth century AH. This transfer took place through the translation of Western works and books and their export to Islamic countries, the establishment of libraries and schools in the basin of Islamic civilization.

Fifth stage: The era of spontaneity and flourishing of Islamic civilization that lasts from the third to the fifth century.

Fifth stage: The era of spontaneity and flourishing of Islamic civilization that lasts from the third to the fifth century.

Stage 6: The era of the flourishing of deep Islamic culture is with the approach of mystical literature, this stage has such a great support that it cannot be compared with any other culture. The greats who emerged during this period are the unrepeatable mystics and scholars of Islamic history, spanning the fourth to seventh centuries. In this century, Abu Rihan al-Biruni, Abu Ali Sina Balkhi and other great men lived whose works were used even in Western society.

Stage 7: The era of Muslim art and architecture had reached its peak, although at this stage the Islamic world suffered two fatal blows from the Crusaders and the Mughals. But in the era of Safavids, Ottomans and Gorganis, the political and social revival of the Islamic world was revived. Many witness the peak of Islamic civilization using the art and culture of architecture in the ninth to twelfth centuries in Iran, India and Turkey.

Stage 8: The Age of Stagnation; The two Crusades and the Mughals from the west and east delayed the development of the Islamic world, one by about two hundred years and the other by about three hundred years.

Stage 9: The resurgence of the Islamic world and the defeat of the Crusaders by Salahuddin Ayoubi, as well as the defeat of the Mughals at this stage. Of course, along with the sword of Salahuddin Ayoubi, the pen of the Mujahideen, such as Khajeh Nasruddin Tusi, Khajeh Shamsuddin, etc., has also played a significant role in the awakening and re-victory of the Islamic world.

Program of the stages of Islamic civilization
Program of the stages of Islamic civilization

Phase 10: The colonial invasion and the beginning of the second phase of stagnation and cessation after the Renaissance. As you can see, the colonial powers emerged in the West and in this regard, they considered the Islamic world as the biggest obstacle against them. However, the purpose of colonization and exploitation was to exploit the material resources and political power of Islamic countries. However, the West’s access to the printing press provided more opportunities for Western powers, and Westerners not only invaded Islamic lands with swords and gunpowder, but also added Western thought and culture to it, so that thinking Captive Muslims, especially the youth of these countries. Fortunately, the emergence of contemporary fighters in the Islamic world, such as Sayyid Jamal al-Din Afghan, Mohammad Abduh, Iqbal Lahori, Allameh Maududi, Dr. Shariati, and others, each in turn invited people to wake up and return to themselves. The Islamic thinkers of this stage, who are lost in books, are as follows:

Nirireh and Ahmad Odeh

Omar Ozgan

Jomo Kinata

Omar was born

Kateb Yassin

Umea Sizar

 

Frantz Fanon

Nirira was a well-known African sociologist and economist, and Ahmed Odeh, the leader of the Zanzibar revolutionaries, were the ones who stood up to European colonization and together saved the current Tanzanians from colonialism. Mr. Narereh’s value lies in the ideas that highlight him intellectually; Therefore, we must know and interact with Asian and African intellectuals, not like Sartre or other Western philosophers who do not know us at all, we must know them as a philosopher because their society is not like ours., They suffer from heartache and we from abdominal pain.

Omar Ouzgan: An extremist Muslim and socialist who has mixed the contradictory foundations between Islam and Marxism. He created a new school for Africa that combines Western and Eastern tendencies; Mr. Ozgan was not a Muslim at first, but during the Algerian revolution he believed in God Almighty and became a Muslim.

Omar Moloud: Albert Camus, one of the Western philosophers and novelists, says that he was the son of Omar Moloud. He was an Algerian scholar and writer who fought against anti-Western ideas against French colonialism. In this regard, the revival of Algerian culture was one of his priorities, which was in a bad situation by the French. In his day, the slogans of Omar Mouloud’s nationalism were specific and general:

Islam is our religion

Arabic is our language

Algeria is our homeland

Franz Fanon: From the Antilles of South America to the acquisition of Algerian citizenship, he studied in Paris.

In view of the above, it is the duty of every Muslim and Islamic intellectual human being to stand up to the Western thought that invades Islamic countries from time to time by enlightening and informing his fellow human beings, and to free himself and others from alienation.