Referendum: Dispute Over Republic and Emirate to reach peace
Organizer: National Assembly of Afghanistan
Technical Assistance: Pasbanan Media Group News Agency
Dispute Over Republic and Emirate to reach peace
This is the first survey based on public-polling and research work by the Afghan National Assembly with closed technically collaboration of Pasbanan News Agency, which is resistance monthly. Thus, this survey is fulfilled in less than a month. The survey has been conducted under the name of “dispute over republic and Emirate to reach peace”.
The purpose of this polling is to massed public opinions and gain public perceptions about ongoing peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban that is taking place in Qatar.
In addition, by this way, attempts have been made to collect views of 1235 Afghan citizens from 32 provinces across the country that 69.9% of participants were men and 30.1% were women.
At least 78.3% of participants are believed that the Intra-Afghan peace talks wouldn’t reach the desired result over ongoing conflict between the republic and the Emirate, which could lead to a true end and stable peace, as well as 12.1 percent, were optimistic about peace progress and 9.6 percent have no opinions.
Core questions of survey:
The polls were focuses on 10 key questions in order to peace processing, such as participant’s agreement on releasing of 400 dangerous prisoners of Taliban, to kick and facilitate the start of a dialogue between Afghans themselves, the Afghan government, and the Taliban collectively reached agreement on peace, accepting republic, cut off Taliban’s ties with dangerous terrorist groups affiliated to al-Qaeda.
Set up of the negotiating team from various walks of Afghan society, access to under control areas either by the Afghan government and the Taliban after the start of peace talks. Basically, the government is dragged into margins in these talks, the acceptance of the Afghan constitutions by the Taliban, and the avoidance of closed and intention ties with Pakistan.
Characteristics of participations:
The survey focused on key criteria, including geographical location, divided citizens into provinces, survey methodology has indicated by average share gender [male and female], education level, and age.
Geographical spots of survey:
The survey was conducted in 5 zones and 32 provinces of Afghanistan. Most participants were from Kabul, Panjshir, Parwan, Badakhshan, Kapisa, Maidan Wardak, Nangarhar, Ghazni, Takhar, Herat, Ghor, and Nuristan. The lowest number of participants was from Balkh, Badghis, Paktia, Paktika, Kunar, Daikundi, Helmand, and Nimroz. Jawzjan, Sarpol, Faryab, Samangan, Logar, Baghlan, Samangan, Laghman, Kunduz, Kandahar, Bamyan, and Khost participated in this survey was on average.
Time of Compellation of Survey:
This survey lasted on 26 August 2020 to 21 September 2020, which carried out a total of 26 days, and included four methods: asking through online sources, distributing questionnaires, making phone calls, and requesting specific views, It has been done with participants. The largest percentage of correspondents in this poll believed that the current way of peace talks is not effective and will not lead to permanent and real peace in the country.
Average portion of men and women:
In this survey, 510 people participated online, 210 correspondents were being done by phone, 280 people in person, and another 235 people clearly have been shared by specific views. It reaches 1235, out of 510 people in the online survey, 69.9 percent are men and 30.1 percent are women, with a total of 356 men and 154 women. 15% of women and 85% of men participated in a telephone interview, with a total of 30 women and 180 men have been done via telephone conversations. 280 people answered physical questionnaires, of which 20% were women and 80% were men. The total number of participants in answering the questionnaires was 56 women and 224 men.
Level of Education that took part in the Survey:
In this survey, it can be said that most of them had a university degree and the lowest participation rate as those who had a bachelor’s or master’s degree. The findings show that 55 percent of those with a bachelor’s degree participated in the survey. Citizen participation with a master’s degree in this survey was 26 percent. 2% of the participants have a doctorate degree, 2% have a medical degree and the other 15% of the participants are graduates of grades 12, 14, and were undergraduate students.
Age of participants:
Most young correspondents have participated in this polling survey. According to the report, most participants were between 18 and 28 years-old. Likewise, participants between the ages of 30 and 45 had an average turnout of 50 to 75 years-old with the lowest turnout.
In this survey, the portion of men was more than women. In accordance with the survey, at least 69.9 percent of the participants were men from 32 provinces, and the remaining 30.1 percent were women, as shown in the chart below:
Findings of Survey:
The polling focuses on 10 key questions of participants that agreed to release 400 dangerous Taliban prisoners, the release of prisoners as a core reason for kicking the dialogue between the Afghans, government, and Taliban to reach a collective deal for peace, acceptance of the republic by the Taliban. The Taliban’s relationship with al-Qaeda that linked terrorist groups, the selection of national figures into the Afghan government’s negotiating team, the achievement of the Afghan government, and the Taliban ceasefire after the start of peace talks, the withdrawal of foreign troops. As it mentioned that the government has been marginalized in these talks, the acceptance of the Afghan constitution by the Taliban, and the broken out of the Taliban’s permanent ties with Pakistan, those views are depicting as follows.
Question 1: Do you agree with the release of 400 dangerous Taliban prisoners?
Question 2: Will the release of these prisoners leads to the start of national peace talks?
Question 3. Can the government and the Taliban reach a collective agreement after the Peace Consultative Jirga?
Question 4. Will the Taliban be willing to accept the republican system?
Question 5: Will the group cut ties with al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups once the release process of 400 Taliban prisoners is completed?
Question 6: Will the government’s negotiating team be able to represent the Afghan people?
Question 7: Will there be a permanent ceasefire with the start of talks between Afghans?
Question 8: Will the government come to the text from the margins when dialogue between Afghans begins?
Question 9: Will the Taliban accept the current constitution and system?
Question 10: Will the Taliban sever ties with Pakistan after the start of talks between Afghans?
Massed Opinions of Citizens with causes:
In this survey, 237 correspondents were expressed based on their general views instead of providing clear answers to the questions included most of the views on the peace process and the cessation of hostilities by the Taliban are negative.
The Taliban are still under the control of regional countries and abroad and are implementing their comprehensive plan of intelligence that apparatus in Afghanistan. Most believe that the government does not have a clear roadmap in the current dialogue and that this is leading Afghanistan to another catastrophe.
Some of the correspondents have expressed concerns over the current deletions and said they unable to proceed with such negotiation with the Taliban. A segment has criticized the latest Loya Jirga (The Tribal Council) which is a waste of resources the Intra-Afghan talks would be another one.
Some have written that these efforts are dramatic and ultimately impose American views and plans on the country. The government’s internal strife is considered important and may not lead to a positive outcome. Another thing is that the release of prisoners will not contribute to the peace process, but will have the opposite consequences. Most have said that the government has empty slogans like we are all Afghans, our brothers, and others, and the current roadmap has no consequences that will lead to peace. The government’s defense must take a firm stand against the Taliban in this round of talks.
Some also believed that the war in Afghanistan was a complex and intelligence-imposed war and that the current government was under pressure to comply with US demands. Others have written that the war in Afghanistan will not end peacefully with the Taliban alone, but that multinational terrorists will continue it. Some have stressed that peace will not work unless Pakistan’s support for the Taliban, and corruption, injustice, and coercion in the government end. The participants’ position on the release of 5,000 Taliban from the country’s prisons was that this program would lead to the continuation of the war. Some have said that bringing peace to Afghanistan is in the hands of the United States. Some also believed that peace in Afghanistan depended on regional efforts. Some have even said that the Taliban do not believe in democratic values such as women’s rights, freedom of expression, and the freedom of minorities.
Releasing the Taliban is also a good option, provided there are peace and a ceasefire in the country. The Taliban should not kill their citizens after killing individuals and individuals in the region, and insecure areas should be included in the government’s construction program once the ceasefire is in place. Reopen schools, especially girls’ schools. Finally, social justice should be institutionalized after reaching a peace and ceasefire agreement. From a positive perspective, this is a poll.
Recommendations to end the dispute b/w Republic and Emirate and gets peace
According to the current polls, it has been reached this conclusion: Most of the citizens of the country either who are under the rule of the government or the Taliban believe that the provision of peace in Afghanistan has regional and international roots. These citizens emphasize that in order to achieve lasting and real peace, the following should be considered as the recommendations of this survey.
- The citizens of Afghanistan are in favor of the republican system, but provided that this system represents the will of the people and that there is no injustice, ethnicity, prejudice there, and that democratic values are literally institutionalized in it, and the system the current becomes decentralized. Participants believe that the Taliban Emirate is a step backward and that at this critical juncture, going back to the past would be an irreparable mistake for future generations.
- Forming a real regional consensus with a clear definition of regional interests that not only Afghanistan but all countries in the region are obliged to ensure peace in the country. This means that defining the interests of the countries in the region will encourage the hostile and pro-Taliban countries to force the group to make peace. In addition, the Afghan government must seek international guarantees from all countries in the region and those involved in the Afghan crisis. In addition, at home, there is a need for a broad political consensus in order to unify views on peace, which the government is required to establish.
- The result of the Taliban’s actions in recent years shows the ugly and destructive face of this group, and on the other hand, this group has been involved in the current destruction and crises for the benefit of the countries of the region and ultimately foreigners. Their peaceful will is still a key question for citizens, given the escalating violence in the country. Therefore, the negotiating team must have serious lobbying among the pro-Taliban countries so that they can put the necessary pressure on this group to comply with the wishes of the citizens, and in this way, Afghanistan can achieve an inclusive, just, and citizen-centered system. To achieve.
- The will of the people of Afghanistan is that the views of the representatives of the victims of the war, the masses, and all institutions should be reflected in the process of dialogue between Afghans so that their collective demands are heard and the parties take a comprehensive stand. To be adopted by the government for the survival of the current system in the country.
- The achievements of the last two decades can in no way be traded with the demands of the Taliban, and the negotiating team should consider achievements such as freedom of expression, citizenship, women’s rights, and individual freedoms as a red line. Consider the balls of peace.
- As is evident, those who have resisted the Taliban insurgency in the past and since 2001 and have sacrificed to preserve the values of democracy are considered to be the main factions of the Taliban, so it is suggested that all The groups should propose specific strategies to ensure overall peace and lasting stability in the country in order to establish alignment between the parties involved and to prevent Afghanistan from going to civil war and any other full-scale war in the country.
7. And the final proposal is that the Supreme Council of National Reconciliation of Afghanistan, in order to truly represent the will of the Afghan people in the discussion related to peace and peace and stability in the country, the real representatives of the people and the masses as a bridge between the people and this council. To be present in the leadership council and the general assembly to reflect the real views of the people at all stages of the dialogue between Afghans.