Afghan government’s concern on doubling of Afghan population by 2050
Reporter: Mohammad Din Agharkhail
The country’s economy minister said one day earlier, in a news conference on the International Day of the Population, that Afghanistan has been showing evidence of an increase in the population in the country, and this figure is rising steeply. “The world’s population was four billion in 1974, and this figure has risen to 7 billion in 2011,” the government’s media center’s newsletter quoted. “Afghanistan is also one of the countries where population growth has grown impressive.”
The Afghan government says the total population of Afghanistan was estimated to be 21.6 million in 2004, but by 2018, the figure has risen by ten million to 31.6 million. Officials from the Ministry of Economy warn that if the process continues, the country’s population will double by 2050. According to a study conducted at present, the fertility rate of every woman in Afghanistan is 5.3 children, while in China this rate is 1.6, Turkmenistan 2.1, Iran 1.9, Pakistan 3, and Tajikistan 2.8 children.
The number of members of each family in Afghanistan is estimated at an average of 7 people, which is far higher than in neighboring countries. From 2004 to 2018, Afghanistan’s gross domestic product has been rising, but per capita income has fallen from $ 641 to $ 520 after 2012. One of the main reasons for the decline in per capita income is the growth of the population.
Nevertheless, Minister of Economy Mustafa Mastor emphasized that the ministry, in view of the rapid growth of the population and economic growth, in close coordination with the Ministry of Public Health, the Central Office for Statistics and the United Nations Population Office, worked on the national policy of the population. To balance the rationale between population growth and economic growth.
In addition, the Ministry of Economy has proposed growth of more than 7 percent by focusing on the replacement of 10 items from imported goods and supporting domestic products, considering the relative competitive advantage. Implementing this strategy is said to play a key role in reducing poverty, employment and reducing trade deficits. The International Day of Peoples is celebrated every year around the world. The issue of population growth and quantity is considered as one of the basic principles for economic and social planning in the present age.