Kabul- Afghanistan (PMG):

In Support of Payk Research center for Journalism

Report by: S. Sirat

Translated by: Shershah Nawabi

Part 01

From 5 military servicewomen in the ranks of Afghanistan Security and Defense forces, four of them has been misused by their subordinators and colleges during duty or in the working environment and they have faced sexual harassment including (Oral, psychological and physical).

According to an investigative report of Payk Research center research center for Journalism, in the recent report, they have interviewed at least 115 women service member of security forces by oral and written interviews which are based in Kabul, Badakhshan, Herat, and Kunduz. Half of these women have stated their conditions and situation of workers in the recent 3 months. Half of these interviewees has said that they were directly misused of sexually abused by their colleges and seniors which includes sexual harassment (physical harassment) and they haven’t raised their voice since they were in danger of losing their work, that’s why they haven’t registered their complaints.

Meanwhile, Interior ministry officials have stated that at least 8 complaints were registered with them which was emphasizing on sexual harassment of women service members in the current solar year. As the officials stated these registered complaints were not so important or even the women service members have taken their complaints back, but similar to last year their complaints were higher than women police have highlighted.

According to Wais Ahmad Barmak, former interior minister of Afghanistan, dozens of those officers were dismissed from their positions due to women harassment and most of them were introduced to prosecution institutes. But meanwhile Jamshaid Rasouli, General attorney spokesman has denied statements of the interior ministry and has highlighted that “until now no complaint or case is sent to their institution which states sexual harassment against women service members of Security forces.”

Some women rights activists raised their concern on this regard and they believe that all of these misused behaviors against women are due to The lack of rule of law and the culture of healthy coexistence between men and women in the work and community environment, reducing the number of complaints and the increasing number of violations indicate that women are not in the ranks of the country’s security forces.

Findings of Opinion:

At least half of the women police in the poll have said that their seniors and colleges at work and duty were experiencing insulted, more than 30% said they were called weak or (second gender) and from five women, only one woman has said that the encounters between them and their colleagues were normal and without any harassment.

Similarly, the findings of the opinion suggest that the treatment of women police and army women was not satisfactory, and half of those women said their families did not allow or even offended them to be a part of security institutions. One in four women also talked about the routine relationships and behavior of their families, and one in four said that they had the support of their families.

The male-dominated environment is compelled to be economically dependent on the lack of support for women victims of violence and vice versa among women who are the victims of violence and women harassment. According to half of the women who responded to this opinion, the color and smell of ordinary women’s persecution in everyday life Environment and community shaped. As one out of every four women in this polls, one has told Payk reporter that she is forced to leave her job in order to save from scum and preserve her honor and her family. Because they do not trust the prosecution and legal institution in charge of government agencies and all of these institutions do not handle their complaints.

Wazhma Forough, head of the Women’s Studies Institute for Peace, who has previously served as the Deputy Minister of the Interior and the Director of Gender and Human Rights of the Ministry of Defense, has told Payk, that she has faced many difficulties during her working period in the Ministry of Defense: “We could not bring the perpetrators of the cases to justice, they were supported by those who did not even dare to fight against them and the leadership of defense ministry was unable to defend us against them”

More than half of the police and army women who took part in this Payk investigative Report also claim that if they complain about harassment of their seniors or colleges who are(men), they will be overstepped both infamous and scandalous and the would be out of their duty.

The questions and findings of this commentary are not summarized here. Payk Research Center for Journalism, by submitting a request for information, as well as an official letter from the Department of interior ministry and National Defense ministry, requested permission for direct dialogue with more than two hundred military women working at the related departments of these ministries, but more in than three months after the report was completed, The Ministry of Defense is willing to cooperate and respond to official and legal requests and frequent calls by the Payk reporter we were unable to have an accurate result from these contacts.

But some sources in Defense ministry who were speaking in condition of anonymity has told  Payk reporter that due to the excessive amount of sexual harassment of women in the ministry no official is willing to cooperate on this occasion. Only 14 military women, outside of their workplace and without their respective authorities, have contributed to this opinion, and the rest of the women are police officers who have responded to questions of Payk reporter at home and outside of their workplace.

Women included in this survey, are aged 18 to 40 years old and have 12-grade graduate degrees to master’s degree and they are at different levels of the mission to manage and lead the ranks of the Afghan National Police and the Afghan Army. The main identity of all women responding to this opinion is reserved to the Payk Research Journalism Center, and the narrations contained in this report are also coded names.

 

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