What are the 20 terrorist groups in the region?
Report: Morteza Haidari
The battle of Afghanistan is considered to be a major battleground among countries in the region, which draws the feet of thousands of foreign fighters in Afghanistan. In the year 2018, the Ministry of Defense announced that at least 50,000 foreign fighters are operating in the framework of the 20 terrorist groups in Afghanistan, and most of the fighters are from countries such as Pakistan, Iran, Russia, China, Uzbekistan and other distant countries bordered or near to Afghanistan.
Our findings show that most of these groups operate under the umbrella of 3 major groups “Taliban, ISIS- K and Al-Qaeda” terrorist organizations in Afghanistan and sometimes they fight independently against the Afghan security forces. These groups are more equipped with Russian equipment’s, and in most cases they are responsible for planning and also designing complex attacks of Taliban in the geography of Afghanistan. In addition, the regional intelligence has played an important role in funding and equipping these groups.
Meanwhile, the Afghan Ministry of Internal Affairs has identified domestic and foreign terrorist groups in 23 different groups, the number of soldiers in the group is changing due to the environment and weather conditions. According to reports provided by the Afghan Ministry of Interior, these groups are the most criminals from region and international organizations, who are present in small groups of 60 to 100 people in the geography of Afghanistan and are constantly fighting. Based on the list of the Ministry of the Interior, these groups include:
- The Taliban group headed by Mullah Haibatullah and Deputy Serajudin Haqani and Mullah Yaqoob, nearly 40,000 fighters are mostly internal citizens who operate in more than 18 provinces;
- The Taliban group headed by Mullah Rasoul and a separatist branch of the Taliban came after the death of Mullah Omar, the former leader of the group;
- ISIS-K has more than 2000 fighters in the eastern provinces of the country;
- Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan with 25,000 fighters;
- Al-Qaeda led by Saad ibn Waqas with 800 warriors;
- Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan with 300 Warriors;
- Movement of Islamic Jihad to the leader of FazluRahman and Qari Shafiullah with 15 warriors;
- Islamic movement of Khalis led by Anwar al-Haq Khalis with 100 warriors;
- Lashkar-e-Taibah led by Hafez Saeed Kashmiri warriors and related to Pakistan;
- Khyber Agency Islamic branch;
- Terrorist group of Abdul Azim and Shahid Barry Gate affiliate of India;
- Pakistani Kashmir affiliate Jaish Mohammed;
- Eastern Turkestan movement affiliated with Chinese Uighurs;
- Haqani Network led by Jalal Uddin Haqani, affiliated with the Pakistani Army;
- Islamic Emirate of Pakistani ministries;
- Pakistani warriors’ affiliates;
- Incitement of Shi’a Muhammad, led by Pakistan’s Sufi Muhammad;
- Islamic Jihad Union;
- The Revolutionary Guards Corps led by Mohammad Yassin, with 200 warlords affiliated with Pakistan;
- Movement of al-Mujahedin led by Maulana Arshad Ahmad;
- Mullah Dadullah’s group headed by Taliban fighters;
- Brigadier Grayly 055 Arabs with 1,000-2,000 Warriors;
- Caucasus emirate led by Chinese warriors;
Jawaid Koohestani, an intelligence official said, currently has close to 7-8 active international terrorist groups operating in the Taliban. “Overall, this particular group does not belong to 20 groups, and at least 7-8 groups are more active than other groups that operate under the Taliban flag and cooperate with ISIL, al-Qaeda collaborates with the Taliban, and their relations Is not good with ISIL. ”
According to the information base, all terrorist groups operate under the umbrella of three groups of Taliban, al-Qaeda and ISIS, most of whom are in the geography of Pakistan, the South Waziristan Border, northern and western parts of the country, and from time to time these groups They travel to Afghanistan. It is said that these groups have created their training camps in the geography of Afghanistan, which the Taliban and foreign fighters use. Most foreign fighters sometimes take part in battles with the Taliban, and some are responsible for providing logistic facilities and so on. For example, the Teatroke Division, Shahrak Sahaba, Jaish Mohammed al-Mujahedin Movement and some other groups trained under the al-Qaeda umbrella are more responsible for training suicide bombers and fabricating Taleban explosives. These groups, which are more closely involved with the Taliban, are more in the border areas of the Durand. Al-Qaeda is present in the southwestern, southern and northern parts of Afghanistan, and now the group seeks to build broad ties with other Pakistani groups. Al-Qaeda is more committed to the Taliban. ISIL operates in contrast to the Taliban and the group is more distinct and with the coming of spring, ISIL’s increased attacks against the Taliban are likely to increase. In addition, fighters are Eastern Turkestan or Chinese Uighurs
Of course, there are a number of them in the Afghan interior in the areas of the Durand border areas under the Taliban’s geography. Al-Qaeda, which operates independently, is in the right relationship and is restoring its relations with these groups. In the southwestern regions and in the southern and northern regions of Afghanistan. Of course, ISIS is part of a separate group that opposes the Taliban in the Kunar and Nuristan constituencies, which may intensify its attacks in the spring, as opposed to the Taliban as separate groups, and they have more Pakistani fighters and more. Among the groups mentioned is a part of the East Turkistan or Uighur fighters, whose leadership is Abdul Haq Turkistan. These are contributing to the Taliban in wars and their activities are conducted independently for the sake of their security.