Five axes to consider in peace talks!
The war in Afghanistan is like a deep wound that has turned into cancer. But after 40 years of Taliban violence and bloodshed in Afghanistan, it is now clear that the Taliban, the United States, and a number of countries in the region are tired of the war and have not succeeded.
The United States, which has been waging a 19-year war in Afghanistan against terrorist groups, especially the Taliban, since 2001, has spent more than $ 2 trillion, according to the New York Times. One of the country’s soldiers was also killed.
The United States has now decided to end its 19-year war and send troops back to the country the United States signed a peace agreement with the Taliban on February 19 this year and has now put the Taliban on the negotiating table with the Afghan government.
A 21-member delegation of the country’s peace negotiators left for Doha, Qatar, on Friday (September 11) to discuss the issue of peace and war. But what are the basic demands of the Afghan people in this negotiation?
Five important and fundamental axes for the people of Afghanistan:
1- Preserving the republican system: All the citizens of the country want to preserve the republican system and every single person of this nation is afraid of the emirate system in the past and the rule of the Taliban system which they call the black period.
Hundreds of thousands of people lost their sweet lives for the liberation of the country, and it was the Taliban that took the lives of thousands of children in this land.
Everyone remembers the black period of the Taliban and no one wants to repeat this black period of the Taliban.
Accordingly, the first step in the negotiations should not be on how the system is structured, but on a ceasefire and an end to the war.
2- Preserving the achievements of 20 years: After the end of the dark period of the Taliban, Afghanistan, despite the war and misery of Afghanistan, had many achievements and continues to do so, and democratic values must be preserved.
3- The Taliban must adhere to the settlement agreement: The Taliban must abide by the agreements reached on paper and with representatives from more than 30 countries signing the agreement.
4- International organizations guarantee the agreement: All Afghans want an agreement with the Taliban and guarantees of implementation by international organizations and the United Nations so that after the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan, this group will again make Afghanistan a safe haven for terrorism.
5- The issue of war victims: In the dialogue between Afghans, the issue of war victims who have lost their sweet lives in defense of the country should be considered.
The Taliban have the most sovereignty over other terrorist groups in Afghanistan, and now that the United States wants to end the war in that country, it can be seen that it has lost to the Taliban and recognizes the group.
The United States, like the Soviet Union, is now tired of wanting to leave the country with its troops.
The Soviet Union, which entered Afghanistan in 1979 with 100,000 armed forces and with the support of the People’s Democratic Party, killed more than 1 million people and lost 15,000 soldiers.
Now the United States has not been able to defeat the Taliban in what it has used in Afghanistan, especially in the Middle East, just as Russia has failed to defeat the Mujahedeen.
But what are Pakistan’s demands?
First: the destruction and disregard for the achievements of the Afghan people over the last twenty years
Second: Establish a group in the Afghan government that works in the interests of Pakistan and has open hostility to India and the Kashmir issue.
Third, securing the long-term benefits of Pakistan’s regional and global policy in Kabul
Fourth: Solve the Durand Line problem
Now the Taliban are not only backed by Pakistani (ISI) intelligence, but the Gulf states are also seen as pursuing their own interests in Afghanistan.
Because our country is located in a sensitive and geopolitical region in Central Asia, it is not in the interests of the countries in the region, especially Pakistan and Iran, to calm the situation in Afghanistan and end the war in Afghanistan.
But it remains to be seen to what extent dialogue between Afghans can be useful and reduce the war in Afghanistan.
Author: Ahmad Firdous Rasouli