Impact of new technologies and the possibility of the early decline of reading in Afghanistan
Written by Shakib Ahmad Nazari
Before we get to the heart of the matter, the main focus of this article is on per capita reading and the effects of new communication technologies on reading in Afghanistan.
What is the per-capita book reading rate in Afghanistan?
Why don’t we adapt to the culture of reading and not want to read a 300-page book in one month? The International Center for Studies conducted a study in 2010; the purpose of this study was to obtain the per capita reading rate or the reading rate of all members of a community divided by the population of that community in one day. The findings show that citizens of Japan spent 90 minutes, the United Kingdom 55 minutes, Finland 44 minutes, the Netherlands and Sweden 31 minutes, Belgium 21 minutes, and the United States 20 minutes on average per capita reading. Afghanistan, meanwhile, has no place in the per capita reading rate study because most of the country’s population is illiterate, and the per capita reading rate is close to zero.
However, most of the citizens of Afghanistan are Muslims and the first guidance of God to human beings, mostly Muslims, was the subject of “IQRA” or “read.” However, it can be seen that our country is less brilliant in producing texts, even than its neighbors, or that we are not interested in reading and creating books, or that constant wars have led to the production of new and up-to-date texts. However, to reach the production position of the text requires time and psychological opportunity.
The effect of tools on book reading per capita
One of the tools that can help increase the per-capita book reading rate in Afghanistan is the media, because the mass media with more information, persuade and encourage the audience to read, and this issue causes the per-capita book reading rate in Afghanistan to grow. And we may have an impressive result. There are several reasons for the decline in book reading per capita in Afghanistan, but it is believed that the high price of books is one of the main reasons for the decline in book reading and most readers suffer from this problem. There are a limited number of publications in Afghanistan that lend to book readers, and social media updates have harmed reading per capita in Afghanistan, resulting in a low wage for writers. The group produces texts, which damages the reading of new books.
The Impact of New Communication Technologies on Study Per Capita:
Smartphones today can provide little convenience in promoting a reading culture for reading enthusiasts, But studying using smart and non-physical devices can do a lot of damage. For example, weakening the eyes, lack of patience, even anxiety, and sometimes excessive use of smart devices, especially mobile phones, makes the user tired. Also, social media, especially Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, have recently grown so much in third world countries that the users of these virtual networks are over one hundred million per day. According to the Static Definition website, the number of Facebook users in a month to 2.6 billion active users, Twitter to 152 million active users in one day, and 2 billion users of other networks are busy watching videos on YouTube and other social platforms. The subject itself makes the culture of reading worse. According to the above arguments, if this situation continues for a few more years in the Third World, especially in Afghanistan, scientists believe that the reading system will be abolished entirely in these countries. Physical means have more meanings, and besides, this information device is considered as the most critical archival tool for transferring human resources.
What should we do?
Eventually, the human brain becomes a complex machine that works better, the more pressure it puts on it. For this reason, to encourage readers to read books physically, they can use effective advertising on social media, new libraries, encourage citizens to education, especially the Afghan villagers, who are the most citizens of the country, encourage authors, produce texts. Updating, creating a specific website for articles, awarding prizes to top authors, etc. will increase the physical growth of reading and play an active role in the human development of Afghanistan.
In addition, it can be said that book publishing institutions by forming unions can meet the needs of readers and promote the culture of sleeping books physically more than before. Because readers are more likely to face a shortage of reading resources, they can still satisfy the needs of readers.