The formation of a powerful government in Afghanistan is a pressing need
Report: Lailuma Sadid
The rapid spread of COVID-19 in the world has marginalized everything. For one day, NATO foreign ministers held a video meeting to review the fight against COVID-19 on the one hand and to review the preservation of the achievements of US allies in Afghanistan for nearly two decades on the other side. Lailuma Sadid, an Afghan freelance journalist, living in Belgium, also attended the meeting. Mrs. Sadid said reporters also took part in the online conference to learn about the efforts of senior NATO officials in the fight against COVID-19, as well as the situation in Afghanistan via Skype.
The online meeting began with a speech by NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg. “The Taliban must reduce violence and respect the agreements they have made with the United States in Doha, Qatar,” said Jens Stoltenberg. “We are witnessing an increase in violence in Afghanistan, and the group needs to act more on the issues that are included in the memorandum. We are also aware of the challenges within the government, and we are seriously reviewing these issues. We call on all political parties to be committed and work for peace. Because the unity and efforts of these parties can create the conditions for the start of a dialogue between Afghans.”
“The situation is complicated,” he said. “So now is the time for the Taliban and all political actors to play their part in Afghanistan properly, and ultimately for all parties involved to play a constructive role in achieving peace.”
Also, the Secretary-General of NATO explained the role of countries in the region, especially Pakistan. “Sustainable peace in Afghanistan needs the support of all countries in the region, including Pakistan,” Stoltenberg said. “Therefore, regional support is essential for any lasting peace in Afghanistan. We still have a unique opportunity for peace in the country. We have to be present and make sure we do our best to bring lasting peace to Afghanistan.”
“I visited Kabul a few weeks ago,” Stoltenberg said of his recent visit to Afghanistan. “And when the agreement was signed in Doha between the United States and the Taliban, I attended a ceremony in Kabul and met with President Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah. They were together at the signing ceremony, and of course, we are aware of the political crisis in Kabul. We call on the political actors in Kabul to find a severe solution to end this crisis, because Afghanistan needs a stable government to have real peace talks, the government needs to take an integrated approach with all Afghans in dealing with the Taliban.”
According to senior NATO officials, all member states can do a lot for Afghanistan’s future from Brussels, Washington, London, Berlin, and other NATO centers. However, by the end of the day, Afghans must take responsibility for their future and address the problems. “The Afghans themselves must solve it. And that’s why we’re working hard to have a dialogue between Afghans. Because the peace process belongs to the people of Afghanistan, and NATO supports it.” Meanwhile, Jens Stoltenberg added: “We continue to be committed to Afghanistan with financial, political and military support. Because we believe that the best way to support the peace process is to send a message to the Taliban that they will never win on the battlefield, they have to sit at the negotiating table and make a real compromise. “So we will continue to do so, but at the same time, the various political challenges, the crisis of the Coronavirus and the Taliban attacks are major problems, and we call on the Afghans to come together.”
“I want to make sure that NATO continues its commitments in Afghanistan, but we will reduce the number of our troops by this summer to 12,000,” he said. As part of the peace effort, we are reducing our military presence; no decision has been made yet to reduce it further. And all our steps and arrangements will be based on the situation in Afghanistan. “NATO will maintain its commitment to lasting peace and stability in the country.”
According to European politicians, the reduction in troops in Afghanistan is close to the same number as before the increase in the number of troops in 2017, but now the agreement is trying to reduce its military presence in Afghanistan, but they are committed to NATO is committed to ensuring peace and security in Afghanistan because security is of particular importance to the region.