The role of India’s Smart Power in Afghanistan’s national security
Researcher: Tahab Nawabi
National Security is one of the fundamental concepts of political science
literature that has a substantial value in enabling a safe environment for human society.
To ensure citizen’s safety and fight against threats, it is essential to realize that
the traditional perception of national security is no more applicable and should
be understood and analyzed from the other aspects.
To obtain responsive national security and scale-up the protected feeling of citizens in different levels of their lives, it requires an emphasis on the role and usage of Intelligence power, a combination of hard and soft power in national security programming.
Smart power shall impact on general perception for national security in Afghanistan when considering the security circumstances.
There are many factors from individual to national and international that influence the national security of Afghanistan.
Therefore, in this research, the focus is more on the role and impact of independent variables of India’s smart power that applied to the dependent variable of Afghanistan national security. As a result, the conclusion ended with positive consequences.
The common interest of both Countries, identification, interactive intentionality, approaches, principles, and international politics are the core drivers that shape the significant role of India’s smart power upon essences of national security in Afghanistan are the findings of this research.
Terrorism and Narcotics!
In this research, besides terrorism and narcotics trafficking, there are other factors from distrust to vagueness in the introduction of enemies and ally and conflict of identity in the outbound arena, which highlighted as main threats for Afghanistan national security, which will only not be eliminated through the security attempts.
The challenges mentioned above as threats need to make a common understanding of these threats.
To put clarity in the common interest and concepts of national security; likewise, reforms in security institutions, trust-building, making common identity in regional affairs, and establishing of security consensus are the important recommendations and mechanisms which promote national security in Afghanistan are elaborated in this research.
Key Words: National security, elements of national security, threats of
national security, smart power, constructivism, collective identity and interest, and collective security.