The two factions and the turmoil of the Taliban delegation in Qatar
Author: Folad Ahangaran
After 20 years of conflict, violence, destruction, and displacement of Afghan citizens, the Taliban has finally, for the first time, mediated by the United States, the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan, and some countries in the region to start a dialogue between Afghans and the delegation of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
They sat at a table, which began with speeches by Abdullah Abdullah, chairman of the Reconciliation Council of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, and Mullah Baradar Akhand, the Taliban’s political deputy. The two sides stressed the need for peace and an end to violence.
Although the two sides’ optimistic remarks about achieving peace, the warm praise of the citizens and the participants in the opening ceremony of the peace talks between the Afghans, on the sidelines of this meeting, many witnesses, unprecedented divisions and unrest among The delegation was a Taliban negotiator, not only that, it is said that the delegation did not have a regular and planned agenda for negotiations with the delegation of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
The group’s negotiating team did not know what key issues would be specifically discussed on the first day of the Afghan peace talks. Among these, two fundamental issues that showed, more than any other characteristic, the opposition of the Taliban delegation were the provision of a ceasefire and how women were present at the meeting. Meanwhile, Soheil Shahin, a former spokesman for the Taliban’s political office in Qatar, told the media that securing a ceasefire was one of the Taliban delegation’s key demands and stressed that the Taliban delegation was to make serious contact on the first day of peace talks between Afghans.
However, his remarks contradict the statements of some of Mr. Shahin’s other colleagues, on the basis of which there has not yet been a single decision on a ceasefire among the Taliban. As you know, Shir Mohammad Abbas Stanekzai, the deputy head of the Taliban negotiating team, said in an interview with VOA that a unified vision for a ceasefire in Afghanistan had not yet been reached between the negotiating team, which he said after the delegation The negotiator of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan sat face to face with the Taliban delegation, all of which will be discussed.
In an exploratory sense, if the outcome of these two conversations is examined from a particular position that reflects two opposing views, it may convey two messages, first, that; There may be a contradiction of a single point of view among this group, which in fact reveals the same friendship between them.
Secondly; It can lead to the fact that the Taliban’s unfamiliarity with the methods of diplomacy in connection with negotiation and communication, or the weakness of management, dispersion, and disorder in this group, and anyone without coordination with the media from the position of the Taliban delegation to the media To say something
. In either case, it could be argued that such statements by the Taliban delegation at the beginning of the peace talks between the Afghans challenged the group’s united stance and joined the negotiations in a state of turmoil.
The presence of women in the talks is another issue that some members of the Taliban delegation oppose. Habiba Sarabi, a member of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s negotiating team, told the media that the Taliban strongly opposed the presence of women. At the peace, the talks table shows that the group does not adhere to the pre-determined commitments in the peace talks process.
Mohammad Naeem, the new spokesman for the Taliban’s political office in Qatar, also told the media that the Taliban leadership had decided to hold a meeting between Afghans without women, a move that angered the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s negotiating team. At the same time, this issue has provoked the reaction of citizens, especially women rights activists in this field. If women’s rights activists believe that although some members of this group have accepted the presence of women in society by the intellectual expression, such statements are in fact the result of the extremist thinking of this group, which in today’s discourses has no It has no place.
In view of the above, it is clear from the above-mentioned characteristics that the Taliban are suffering from two divisions and political turmoil in this round of talks and do not know exactly how to position themselves in front of the delegation of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. In addition, the Taliban expect that in this round of talks, as in the past, referring to Pakistan, they will clarify their position and make their final decisions from that country’s address.
Although Pakistan’s intentions for peace among Afghans are unpredictable at this time as well, as it has been optimistic about the principle of negotiation in such cases from time to time, when its demands have not been met, the war in Afghanistan has intensified. One of its demands is for the Taliban Emirate to come to power. At least 90 percent of citizens supported the republican system in the “Republican-Emirate Struggle for Peace” poll. In addition, the citizens of Afghanistan, especially the families of war victims, have called on both sides not to sacrifice the rights of war victims to their group and individual demands.