Thirty-year-old Red Cross leaves Afghanistan and whispers another
The thirty-year anniversary of the withdrawal of former Soviet troops from Afghanistan is being celebrated once again whispering, this time, but with the withdrawal of US troops. At the same time, Russia, after five years, is still trying to influence Afghanistan.
The last pieces of USSR troops left Afghanistan after nearly a decade of war with the Afghans on February 1. With the withdrawal of these forces, conflict and disaster did not end but took on a different color.
Thirty years ago, Soviet forces were defeated in the war against Afghan Mujahideen under the auspices of the United States and some other countries and were forced to end the occupation of Afghanistan. Now Russia has begun to end the Afghan war through political negotiations, and US troops withdraw from Afghanistan.
Russia has hosted two peace talks in recent months and has been bringing the Taliban to the table with the Afghans. Besides, Russia has demanded the withdrawal of international forces from Afghanistan.
With the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, the people of the country thought that the war was over and the way to form a government, develop and rebuild.
From the USSR to the US exit
Thirty years ago, Soviet forces withdrew from Afghanistan, and now the United States has decided to leave Afghanistan after five years. “We are once again at one of the most decisive parts of our country,” said Afghan President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani in a video message on occasion. “We can put an end to war and insecurity with unity and unity and achieve genuine and lasting peace.”
“Our people want peace, but not a few-day peace,” President Rich said. “Multi-day peace is minority-based and ignores the vast majority of society, namely women, youth, and disadvantaged.”
Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, chief executive of the government, emphasized that the peace process is not a personal project and that the government must prove that it has serious will to secure lasting peace and inclusiveness. Abdullah said international forces are likely to leave Afghanistan, and the Afghan people must learn from the past.
Mr. Abdullah called the war in the former Soviet Union in Afghanistan a crime: “This crime is not comparable to anything else in the history of our country. “It was an occupation that was the source, endurance, and end of the crime.”
Post-Jihad civil war
After the withdrawal of the Soviet forces, MKO groups entered Kabul hoping to form a comprehensive government, but jihadist groups began a civil war that left thousands of dead, injured, and forced to flee. The power struggle in Kabul lasted three years, and many parts of Kabul were destroyed.
“It is a sad fact that our jihadist parties failed to live up to the jihadist aspirations due to foreign interference or a negative spirit of selfishness, and they suffered the conflict that emerged as a result of the Taliban,” said Afghanistan’s second vice president, Sarwar Danesh.
The Afghan government celebrated the withdrawal of the Soviet Red Cross when Russia was once again active in Afghanistan. Russia has held two meetings on Afghan peace in recent months despite opposition from the Afghan government. Russia’s foreign minister for Afghanistan, Dzhamir Kabulov, has said foreign troops should leave Afghanistan.
Author: H.Hamraz (Deutsche Welle)